It is time to start the spring cleanup in the garden: rake off the remains of fallen autumn leaves, remove branches broken by winter storms, cut dry stems of perennials. You also need to start pruning fruit trees and ornamental shrubs. The soil on which we will grow vegetables and plant flowers also needs your attention.
How to start?
Inaugurate the spring in your garden with garden cleanup – you can start by taking off the covers that protect plants in the autumn and winter. Timing is Very important here- it’s best to do at the end of March or in early April. Too quick removal of agrotextile (material for plant protection against frost and other external factors) may result in plant freezing.
In turn, carrying out this activity too late usually hampers the growing season of the plant, and consequently leads to its death. Next you can move over to the lawn – here you should particularly pay attention to raking using sharp, wire rakes to loosen brown grass. In some cases, when preparing the lawn in the spring, you can additionally scarify it, i. e. cut the turf with a scarifier (mechanical or electrical) This type of process is recommended to be carried out once a year – preferably in the early spring, immediately after the first mowing of the lawn. Thanks to Scarifying, the lawn will look healthy and resemble a green carpet.
Cleanup of flower beds
We cut out dry shoots of perennials and annual plants. We remove some plants that have spread too much and covered other species. Now we can also divide the perennials and replant them to a new place.
We clean it by removing dry water plants and debris that have fallen in from outside. If we haven’t done it for a long time and the pond is shallow – collect the mud from the bottom that has accumulated over the years from decomposed organic matter. A special vacuum cleaner for the pond will facilitate your work.
The silt layer unnecessarily shallows the tank, and the gases from it (ammonia and hydrogen sulfide) are dangerous to fish and other species living in the water.
Pruning trees and shrubs
Pruning of trees and shrubs is a Very important element of preparing plants for the growing season. The optimal time for this task depends on the type of plant. The earliest, at the end of February, prunes and plums should be pruned.
Peaches and nectarines, on the other hand, only when the first buds appear on the branches (usually in mid-April), and cherries after the Fruit harvest.
Shrub pruning is different:
- shrubs flowering on annual shoots, best pruned in early spring,
- shrubs, flowering in the early spring on perennial shoots, best pruned after flowering,
- shrubs, flowering in late spring on biennial shoots, do not require annual pruning.
Among the shrubs that should be pruned after spring flowering, it is important to mention: forsythia, flowering almond, heather, goat willow, black currant, weigela florida, lilac, tamarisk, Siberian carrageen and mahogany.
Among the plants that do not like pruning, keep in mind: fire thorns, magnolias, witch hazels, Japanese maples, smoke trees and rhododendrons.