How to plant a hedge? A guide
The type of hedge you wish to plant in your garden depends not only on your own personal preference, but also on the function that it’s supposed to perform, the subsequent method of maintenance (especially Trimming) and the location in which it will be planted. Read our guide and plant a hedge of your own.
How to plant a hedge? Useful tips
The most important decision to be made is the following: a deciduous hedge or a coniferous hedge? Coniferous shrubs or trees are low maintenance and can withstand very low temperatures. In turn, a hedge from deciduous trees or shrubs have beautiful leaves and, especially in the autumn, become a decoration for any property. Another classification of hedges? It can be a type that needs Trimming or not.
The Trimming type, also called formal, is one that needs to be regularly trimmed to give the plant a suitable shape. The most popular formal hedge species is the wild privet, which is resistant to cutting, low temperatures and air pollution. A strong, arranging trend that has its supporters is the artificial hedge.
The result is instant, you can shape, trim and bend the hedge as you like. However, nothing will change the fact that it’s made from artificial material and will never 100% replace or restore a hedge from live and natural plants.
The basic hedge profiles
- Trapezoid guarantees relatively good sunlight over the entire hedge height, this shape is Universal and is recommended for all plants.
- Perpendicular is recommended for shade-liking and shadow tolerant plants such as yew, hornbeam and beech. This shape is not suitable for thuja and cypress type of plants.
- Arc it is mainly preferred when the hedge is formed from plants with a bushy habit, e. g. privet, barberry or laurel. The arch should gently expand downwards so that the light also reaches the lowest leaves of the plant.
When should you start hedge planting?
The first and most important question, without which the mission of planting a hedge won’t succeed. When is the best time to plant? There is no unanimity here, because some gardeners believe that this should be done optimally early in the autumn, others on the contrary, will argue that only spring months come into play. The truth lays in the middle, because the right time to plant a hedge depends on the plants we want to plant:
- Deciduous shrubs and trees with an exposed root system (grown in seedbeds in the ground and dug out for sale) should be planted either in October when leaves fall or in early spring before the buds begin to grow. If we can’t decide when to plant the hedge, let it be a clue that autumn is a better choice, when there are lighter soils in our garden rather than heavy and wet soils in the spring. In addition, a warmer season is always better for hornbeam, beech and hawthorn plants.
- Coniferous or evergreen deciduous shrubs are best planted in late August and early September. Due to their high vulnerability to drying, it is best to plant them with a lump of soil that Protects the roots from water loss.
- It’s time for spruces, yews, junipers and thuja these are due for early spring (from the moment buds begin to develop), although they can be planted until mid-May. The situation is different with plants in containers – for them the planting period is longer, from April to October, so basically through the whole season.