Roses – how to plant them in the garden and how to properly care for them
Roses are one of the most beautiful and popular flowers planted in gardens. They bloom profusely for many weeks. They look beautiful in the garden and please the eye. Planting and caring for them requires a little effort and time, but it’s definitely worth dedication for this amazing view.
How to buy roses for planting?
When choosing roses for planting in the Garden store, it is worth paying attention to several elements. The rose should have at least two strong, undamaged pencil-thick shoots. The roots should be strong and have many fine root hairs.
When buying container roses, that is, sold in pots, let’s look at the surface of the soil in which the plant is located. If there is no moss on its surface, it usually means that the bush has recently gone to the container and does not have the typical properties of roses sold in containers. Such a plant may not be Suitable for planting at every time of the year.
Let’s also pay attention to the bottom of the container. Roses from good producers will always be provided with labels, from which we will learn about the properties and requirements of the kind being bought.
When to plant roses?
Planting roses depends largely on their species and form in which they are to be grown, e. g. bed, English or miniature roses. Planting roses in spring takes place from the end of March to the end of April. Planting roses in autumn covers the period from the end of September to the end of October. Thus, you can adopt a general rule: planting begins after the cessation of the coldest days (spring) and ends when the first fairly low temperatures (autumn).
Planting step by step
- Prepare the ground
Roses grow best in fertile, well-drained, humus-rich soil, with a pH in the range of 6. 0-7. 0.
If we don’t have such soil in the garden, we should buy it or add peat or compost soil to our garden soil.
- Dig a deep hole
Dig a hole 2-3 times larger than the root ball. Make a layer of fertile garden soil or a special soil for roses on the bottom. If you plan to plant roses in the spring, then in the autumn it is worth mixing the soil with manure. It cannot be used when planting roses, because it could “burn” their roots!
- Careful with the roots
Cut the roots to about 6-8 inches long. Put them on the bottom of the hole so that they diverge evenly to all sides without bending, and then cover the root system with the rest of the soil.
- Press the ground and water it after planting
Press the ground so that a shallow depression is created.
Thanks to this, the soil will stick well to the roots. After that, water the plants intensively.
- Mulch the soil around the roses
After planting roses, the ground around the trunk should be mulched with pine bark. It keeps the soil moist and limits the development of grass that could compete with the rose for water and nutrients.
Not only pruning is important. Roses need a range of care Throughout the season. Most often, the leaves should be protected against pathogenic fungi. Thus, it will be a mistake if we spray the roses with water. This mistake is made by young gardeners, thinking that sprinkling will support the growth and health of the plant. Meanwhile, the only effect of too intensive watering can be the appearance of so-called mold. This disease can affect the flower buds, which will rot before they bloom.