Japanese garden – design principles
Do you want to make a Japanese garden yourself? Forget it. Do you want to make Japanese composition yourself? Here you go! All you need is a pinch of knowledge and a few basic rules.
A Japanese garden is supposed to Imitate nature. It should look like it has existed for many years and was not designed by man. Characteristic for this style is the impression of a large space using a miniature.
The Japanese garden should be elegant and at the same time spontaneous and natural. It is characterized by simplicity, asymmetry and harmony. There are several types of Japanese gardens, but they are all characterized by harmony, simplicity, asymmetry and elegance.
Two of them deserve special attention:
- Tsukiyama – garden on the hills has small slopes, stones imitating mountains and ponds and streams resembling sea and rivers.
- Karesansui – dry gardens with water-imitating gravel and raked sand symbolizing the waves hitting them.
To decorate your own garden, which will refer to the style of Japanese gardens, you don’t need a lot of space, but you need to know the basic rules and principles of its creation. Nature itself is the inspiration for Japanese gardens. The idea of a Japanese-style garden is to create a place that looks as close to nature as possible, where human intervention is almost invisible, and all elements Perfectly harmonize with each other.
In the Japanese garden there is no place for regular, symmetrical shapes or dappled plant chaos, because the Japanese garden is simplicity, nature and elegance. The most important elements are green flora (with colorful accents in the form of flowers), water (sometimes replaced with gravel) and stone (symbolizing the durability of nature). If we introduce stone into the garden, we choose Natural boulders with an interesting shape and original texture.
Stones are often meant to symbolize mountains, so it’s good if they resemble mountain peaks from afar. Water should also refer to nature with its form. The most desirable would be a small stream or a small water cascade, which can, however, be replaced by a fine, white gravel arranged in the shape of a pond or stream.
Caring for a Japanese-style garden is as labor intensive as keeping the other commitments in a good shape, but all care treatments are performed in such a way as to hide human interference in the natural world as much as possible. Treatments aimed at aging trees so that they look like subjected to the forces of nature are a great example of how the Japanese mentality looks if it comes to taking care of plants without interfering with their natural appearance. Each, even the smallest piece of Japanese-style garden must be composed so that it looks completely natural.
The most important goal, guiding the creators of gardens in this style, is believed to emphasize the harmonious beauty of nature, so that a walk in the garden created in this way encourages contemplation, without Overwhelming with the flashy colors that usually spill out of the rebates planted in gardens in our country.
Plants for a Japanese garden
- Perennials: asters ( Aster ), garden chrysanthemum (Dendranthema), dahlia (Dahlia), daylilies (Hemerocallis), peonies (Paeony), iris (Iris ), astilbes (Astilbe) and anemones (Anemone ).
- Shrubs and creepers: Japanese azalea and rhododendron (Rhododendron), jasmine (Philadelphus), holly (Oxalis), common privet (Ligustrum), wisteria (Wisteria).
- Trees: palm maple (Acer palmatum) and Japanese maple (Acer japonocum), Ginkgo biloba (Ginko biloba), magnolia (Magnolia), decorative cherry trees (Prunus), five-needle pine (Pinus parviflora), Japanese pine (Pinus densiflora) and black pine (Pinus nigra).